Eye Care Articles
1. VUITY™ (pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution) 1.25% is a prescription eye drop used to treat age-related blurry near vision (presbyopia) in adults. Use: One drop daily in each eye. Maximum effect occurs at around 15 minutes after instillation and lasts approximately 6 hours. The medication causes the pupils to constrict which may improve near vision. Possible side effects: Poor night vision, headache, red eye. These are not the only potential side effects. Contraindications: History of retinal detachment, iritis, high near-sightedness. IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Do not use VUITY if you are allergic to any of the ingredients. Use caution when driving at night or performing hazardous activities in poor lighting. Temporary problems when changing focus between near and distant objects may occur. Do not drive or use machinery if vision is not clear. If you wear contact lenses, they should be removed prior to VUITY use. Wait 10 minutes after dosing before reinserting contact lenses. If more than one topical eye medication is being used, the medicines must be administered at least 5 minutes apart. 2. TYRVAYA™ (Teer-vye-ah) (varenicline solution) nasal spray, for intranasal use What is TYRVAYA? TYRVAYA is a prescription nasal spray used to treat the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease. Before you use TYRVAYA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you: • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if TYRVAYA will harm your unborn baby. • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if TYRVAYA passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will use TYRVAYA if you plan to breastfeed. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine. How should I use TYRVAYA? • See the Instructions for Use at the end of this Patient Information leaflet for information about the right way to use TYRVAYA. • TYRVAYA increases tear production in the eye after being sprayed in the nose. • Use TYRVAYA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to use it. • Do not shake the bottles. • Spray TYRVAYA 1 time in each nostril, 2 times daily (about 12 hours apart). • A 1-month supply of TYRVAYA consists of 2 nasal spray bottles. Finish 1 bottle before opening the second. TYRVAYA comes in glass bottles with a white nasal pump and blue dust cover. • If you miss a dose of TYRVAYA, skip that dose and take your next dose at your regular scheduled time. Do not take an extra dose to make up for a missed dose. What are the possible side effects of TYRVAYA? The most common side effects of TYRVAYA include sneezing, cough, and throat and nose irritation. These are not the only possible side effects of TYRVAYA. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. How should I store TYRVAYA? • Store TYRVAYA at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C). • Do not freeze. • Throw away (discard) TYRVAYA nasal spray bottle 30 days after first use. Keep TYRVAYA and all medicines out of the reach of children. General information about the safe and effective use of TYRVAYA. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use TYRVAYA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give TYRVAYA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about TYRVAYA that is written for health professionals. What are the ingredients in TYRVAYA? Active ingredient: varenicline tartrate Inactive ingredients: sodium phosphate dibasic heptahydrate, monobasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid (to adjust pH) and water for injection.